• Hirbawi Textile Factory The last and only Kufiya factory in Palestine

    Hirbawi Textile Factory produces Kufiya, the iconic patterned scarves worn around the Middle East. The factory is “the only and the last” to produce Kufiya in Palestine, says manager Abdul Hirbawi with some pride. Other countries in the Middle East where the Kufiya is popular, like Jordan or Syria, produce their own -slightly different- versions. Hirbawi is the only factory in Palestine producing the original Kufiya, which usually awaits sale in the factory's small backroom shop.
  • The Hirbawi Factory gate (Hebron, Palestine)

    Hirbawi Textile is located in the city of Hebron, (known in Arabic as Al-Khalil) the biggest city in Palestine's West Bank. Hebron has been a hot spot in the conflict between Palestine and Israel. Extremist Israelis have settled in the center of Hebron, leading to almost daily violence between settlers, Israeli soldiers, and Palestinian residents. The factory is unassuming, tucked away on a quiet residential street.
  • Inside the factory

    Inside the factory, fifteen industrial looms (both working and non-working) fill half of the florescent-lit warehouse. The working machines thump in constant motion, creating an insistent roar inside the building. The factory now runs only half the machines because sales have been in steady decline since the 1990s.
  • The factory was started over 50 years ago by Yassar Hirbawi, and is now run by his three sons and a family friend. Peering over spools of thread are Abid Keraki (left), the long-time friend of the Hirbawi family, and Izzat Hirbawi.
  • Factory founder Yassar Hirbawi

    relaxes with a cigarette in the factory's small backroom shop. Behind him hang a sampling of his factory's Kufiyas, as well as key-chains for sale. He says Kufiya is more popular than ever in Palestine. During the first Intifada, many avoided wearing it for fear of being arrested. But now, Kufiya is worn as a symbol of Palestinian culture and heritage. He adds: “It’s our past, future…It means everything”.
  • The traditional Palestinian kufiya is this black-and-white pattern, which makes up over 70 percent of the factory’s sales. The black-and-white kufiya is often referred to as the unofficial Palestinian flag, and carries deep meaning for many who wear it. There are numerous stories about the origin of the kufiya’s pattern. It is said to represent a fishing net, a honeycomb, the joining of hands, or the marks of dirt and sweat wiped off a worker’s brow, among other things.
  • Factory Manager Abdulla Hirbawi gestures in front of the Palestinian flag, while talking about the factory’s struggles. Sales are dropping due to cheaper, though inferior, foreign-made imports, he says.2011 was the Hirbawi Factory’s 50th anniversary. Yassar Hirbawi started the factory at age 33, and began training his sons because his aim is that the factory remains family-run.
  • Learning the looms is detailed work.

    The machines must be monitored constantly to make sure the finished products are fit for sale. Yassar Hirbawi says it took him nine years to learn every part in the machines. Here, his son Izzat carefully trims the extraneous threads from a colorful kufiya-in-progress.
  • Together with Kufiya.org Hirbawi develops new designs to produce modern Kufiya in trendy colors and make it an everyday fashion item.
  • Kufiya in the making

    Even with their father to teach them, it took the Hirbawi brothers more than five years to fully understand the complex industrial looms.
  • Abid Keraki works to loosen tangled thread, and get a loom back up and running. The men do all the repair work on the machines themselves. They say they will train only one of Yassar’s six grandchildren to run the factory. It is more important for the rest to go to university.
  • While a loom pounds out a traditional black-and-white kufiya, Abid Keraki holds a thread in his mouth as he quickly replaces a spool. The eight operational looms require constant attention.
  • A street vendor in Bethlehem

    Even in Palestine Street vendor's sell foreign-made kufiyas. They are typically loosely woven from cheaper material, they can cost a quarter of the price of an original kufiya.
  • imported kuffiya from China.

    Poorly produced imported kuffiya hangs outside a shop in Bethlehem. Yassar Hirbawi says that while the popularity of the kufiya is increasing, his factory's sales are down dramatically, due to cheaper imports, primarily from China.
  • Yassar Hirbawi

    ponders the future of the factory he founded in 1961. He describes working in the factory as a “battle,” as he and his family struggle to compete with cheaper kufiya producers across the globe. He concludes: “But what can we do? It’s our work and our life, and, if God will, we will never stop producing original kufiyas made in Palestine.” all rights @Palestine Speaks
  • Plant-a-Tree in Palestine project

    The Plant-a-Tree in Palestine project is a joint project of the Middle East Children’s Alliance, Stop the Wall, the Palestinian Farmer’s Union, and the International Jewish Anti-Zionist Network. This project seeks to support the on-going struggle of Palestinians to rebuild by providing resources for villages to plant trees that are indigenous to Palestine's natural environment and agricultural life. Learn more [Here]

For Palestine & From Palestine !

Supporting Palestinian national products is an inseparable complimentary act of resisting the Israeli occupation.

With this in mind, we decided to create a non-profit business model with the specific goal to promote genuine “Made in Palestine” Kufiyah worldwide. The kufiyah is one of Palestine’s oldest and most iconic symbols. It is incredibly important, therefore, that non-Palestinians, and particularly non-Arabs have a cultural understanding of its significance.  It is important to wear it only out of respect for and in solidarity with the Palestinian people.

* I use the transliteration “kufiyah” here, rather than “keffiyeh” although the latter is much more common the former is more accurate compared with the actual Arabic, كوفية‎..

It is an insult to buy the cheap kufiyahs that are sold in the department stores. They are made by slave labor using machines in places like Bangladesh, and China. Globalization has allowed cheaper products to be made in other countries that actually care nothing about the identity of the people or the product itself. One of the things we were worried about was the fact that that mass production would take away from the authenticity of the product by ensuring it’s not made in Palestine anymore. Today Wholesalers buy cheaper versions of the scarf from China and continue to market them as the preservation of cultural heritage. The kufiyah has been mass produced as a hip, culturally appropriated fashion item to the effect that there is now only one Palestinian factory left.

The Hirbawi Textile Factory
The last and only Kufiya factory in Palestine

The Herbawi Textile Factory is the last operating Kufiya factory in Palestine. They have 16 machines but only two machines are used, making a mere 300 Kufiyas per week.

Originating in ancient Mesopotamia, the traditional keffiyeh pattern, which is still used today in Palestine and other Arab Nations, was modeled after fishing nets and ears of grain. During the Arab Revolt in the 1930s, the keffiyeh became a symbol of Palestinian nationalism and in the 1980s Yasser Arafat made the keffiyah a globally recognized symbol of the Palestinian struggle. Today, cheaper imports of the keffiyeh from China threaten an already troubled industry. (excerpted from Palestine Monitor) 

Social media offers keffiyeh factory lifeline.  

 A Symbol of Solidarity?

Palestinians are not against cultural exchange or allowing those who aren’t Palestinians to show solidarity. If you are familiar with the conflict, and stand in solidarity with the Palestinians, you have every right to buy it, wear it, and flaunt it. There is absolutely no problem whatsoever with any people of any background, nationality, or ethnicity wearing anything representing Palestine as long as you support the Palestinian cause. However, it is important that those who do support Palestine buy the Keffiyeh from companies that actually benefit Palestinians and the cause. It is not cultural appropriation, and is a symbol of resistance, if it is purchased and worn the right way, with the right intentions. Palestinians encourage those who stand in solidarity to signify their support physically through such items as long as their stance is to support Palestinians. Wear the keffiyeh in your everyday wardrobe if you are prepared to answer questions about it, if you are doing it because you stand with Palestine, if you are doing it because you care, and if you truly support Palestine and want to raise awareness.

Most, if not all, Palestinians have no objection to anyone representing Palestine as long as they know what they are representing and they believe in it.

*Fair trade helps Palestinian farmers stay on their land |

 new5 made in palestine

The Arabic reads ("Hirbawi original").

If you are eying a kufiyah and it does not say صنع في فلسطين (“made in Palestine”) and الحرباوي الاصلي (“Hirbawi original”), do not buy it! The point is solidarity—not cultural appropriation.


Show Your Solidarity and Support for the people of occupied Palestine today. Buy your Kufiya now. Official Made-in-Palestine keffiyeh’s (not cheap foreign imports) are regularly sold on Ebay for 30 dollars or more, but Thanks to our partnerships with The Palestine Solidarity Campaign, The Hirbawi® textile factory, and The Palestine Fair Trade Association we have been able to bring the Official Palestinian Kufiya to you for only  $25.oo + Shipping costs. Keep in mind that every purchase, every Keffiyeh sold helps directly support the Palestinian economy. Also with every Kufiya sold TheTruther.us  has pledged to donate an Olive Tree sapling To The Palestinian Farmer’s Union and land-of-canaan-foundation.org’s Trees For Life Program.

Image result for palestine fair trade association logoPSC Logo

 If you are interested in wearing a Keffiyeh in solidarity Please Click on the purchase link bellow.

Original Hirbawi ® Black and Gray


Original Hirbawi ® Palestinian Flag Colors
Original Hirbawi ® Original Hirbawi ® Black and White